Matam in Muharram is not a part of Islam


source : Answers for Shia Friends

Matam – Prohibited in Islam

What the Shi’ah do on ‘Ashoora’ of beating their chests, slapping their cheeks, striking their shoulders with chains and cutting their heads with swords to let the blood flow are all innovations that have no basis in Islam. These things are evils that were forbidden by the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), who did not prescribe for his ummah to do any of these things or anything similar to them to mark the death of a leader or the loss of a martyr, no matter what his status.

Examples from the past

During his lifetime (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) a number of senior Sahaabah were martyred and he mourned their loss, such as Hamzah ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib, Zayd ibn Haarithah, Ja’far ibn Abi Taalib and ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Rawaahah, but he did not do any of the things that these people do. If it was good, he (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) would have done it before us.

70 qaris sent by Prophet (s) were all martyred, yet he did not mourn their killings in this savage manner.

Ya’qoob (peace be upon him) did not strike his chest or scratch his face, or shed blood or take the day of the loss of Yoosuf as a festival or day of mourning. Rather he remembered his missing loved one and felt sad and distressed because of that. This is something no one can be blamed for. What is forbidden is these actions that have been inherited from the Jaahiliyyah, and which Islam forbids.

Al-Bukhaari (1294) and Muslim (103) narrated that ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Mas’ood (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “He is not one of us who strikes his cheeks, rends his garment, or cries with the cry of the Jaahiliyyah.”

These reprehensible actions that the Shi’ah do on the day of ‘Ashoora’ have no basis in Islam. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did not do them, nor did any of his companions. None of his companions did them when he or anyone else died, although the loss of Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was greater than the death of al-Husayn (may Allaah be pleased with him).

Mourning

Al-Haafiz Ibn Katheer (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: Every Muslim should mourn the killing of al-Husayn (may Allaah be pleased with him), for he is one of the leaders of the Muslims, one of the scholars of the Sahaabah, and the son of the daughter of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), who was the best of his daughters. He was a devoted worshipper, and a courageous and generous man.

But there is nothing good in what the Shi’ah do of expressing distress and grief, most of which may be done in order to show off.

His father (Ali r.a) was better than him and he was killed, but they do not take his death as an anniversary as they do with the death of al-Husayn. His father was killed on a Friday as he was leaving the mosque after Fajr prayer, on the seventeenth of Ramadaan in 40 AH.

The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) is the leader of the sons of Adam in this world and the Hereafter, and Allaah took him to Him as the Prophets died before him, but no one took the dates of their deaths as anniversaries on which they do what these ignorant Raafidis do on the day that al-Husayn was killed. …

The best that can be said when remembering these and similar calamities is that which ‘Ali ibn al-Husayn narrated from his grandfather (Ali r.a) that  the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), who said: “There is no Muslim who is afflicted by a calamity and when he remembers it, even if it was in the dim and distant past, he says Inna Lillaahi wa inna ilayhi raaji’oon (verily to Allaah we belong and unto Him is our return), but Allaah will give him a reward like that of the day when it befell him.”

Narrated by Imam Ahmad and Ibn Majaah, end quote from al-Bidaayah wa’l-Nihaayah (8/221).

Historical Perspective

And he (Ali ibn Husain -grand son of Ali) said (8/220): The Raafidis went to extremes in the state of Bani Buwayh in the year 400 and thereabouts. The drums were beaten in Baghdad and o -grand sonther cities on the day of ‘Ashoora’, and sand and straw was strewn in the streets and marketplaces, and sackcloth was hung on the shops, and the people expressed grief and wept. Many of them did not drink water that night, in sympathy with al-Husayn, because he was killed when he was thirsty. Then the women went out barefaced, wailing and slapping their faces and chests, walking barefoot in the marketplaces, and other reprehensible innovations… What they intended by these and similar actions is to impugn the state of Banu Umayyah (the Umayyads), because he was killed during their era.

On the day of ‘Ashoora, the Naasibis of Syria do the opposite of what the Raafidis and Shi’ah do. They used to cook grains on the day of ‘Ashoora and do ghusl and perfume themselves, and wear their finest garments, and they took that day as an Eid for which they made all kinds of food, and expressed happiness and joy, intending thereby to annoy the Raafidis and be different from them.

But there can be no doubt that striking heads with swords and cutting the head in mourning for al-Husayn on the tenth day of Muharram reached Iran and Iraq and India during the British occupation of those lands. The British are the ones who exploited the ignorance and naiveté of the Shi’ah and their deep love for Imam al-Husayn, and taught them to strike their heads with swords.

Until recently the British embassies in Tehran and Baghdad sponsored the Husayni parades in which this ugly spectacle appears in the streets and alleyways. The aim of the British imperialist policy of developing this ugly spectacle and exploiting it in the worst manner was to give an acceptable justification to the British people and the free press that opposed British colonialism in India and other Muslim countries, and to show the peoples of these countries as savages who needed someone to save them from their ignorance and savagery.

Images of the parades that marched in the streets on the day of ‘Ashoora’, in which thousands of people were striking their backs with chains and making them bleed, and striking their heads with daggers and swords, appeared in British and European newspapers, and the politicians justified their colonization of these countries on the basis of a humane duty to colonize the lands of these people whose culture was like that so as to lead these peoples towards civility and progress.

It was said that when Yaseen al-Haashimi, the Iraqi Prime Minister at the time of the British occupation of Iraq, visited London to negotiate with the British for an end to the Mandate, the British said to him: We are in Iraq to help the Iraqi people to make progress and attain happiness, and bring them out of savagery. This angered Yaseen al-Haashimi and he angrily walked out of the room where the negotiations were being held, but the British apologized politely and asked him with all respect to watch a documentary about Iraq, which turned out to be a film about the Husayni marches in the streets of al-Najaf, Karbala’ and al-Kaazimiyyah, showing horrific and off-putting images of people striking themselves with daggers and chains. It is as if the British wanted to tell him: Would an educated people with even a little civility do such things to themselves?!

Innovations on Ashura

Celebrating that day is an innovation (bid’ah), and making it an anniversary for mourning is also an innovation.Because of the killing of al-Husayn (may Allaah be pleased with him), shaytaan caused the people to introduce two innovations: the innovation of mourning and wailing on the day of ‘Ashoora’, by slapping the cheeks, weeping, and reciting eulogies. … and the innovation of rejoicing and celebrating. … So some introduced mourning and others introduced celebration, so they regarded the day of ‘Ashoora’ as a day for wearing kohl, doing ghusl, spending on the family and making special foods. … And every innovation is a going astray.

Ali Ibn Abi Talib in Nahjul Balagha states bemoaning loudly is prohibited

Oh Prophet of Allah! I love and respect you more than I loved and respected my parents. Your passing away has put an end to the Prophethood,to the revelation and to the messages of the Lord while that of the other Prophets had not resulted in this way….

IF you had not ordered us to be patient and NOT to lament and bemoan loudly, we would have kept weeping and lamenting ceaselessly, though all this weeping,lamenting and bemoaning could not stand in comparison with the actual loss of your presence. But death is an inevitable event, nobody can turn the death back and no body can stop it from coming.

Nahjul Balagha, Sermon 239, pg 533. Islamic Semiinary Publication

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17 thoughts on “Matam in Muharram is not a part of Islam

  1. Dear Sister Javeria.
    This is very strange and rather shameful act to mention that MATAM is prohibited in Islam. When all the sons of Hazrat Yaqub said to him that (Hazrat) Yousuf was eaten by a wold. Hazrat Yaqub started crying and weeping for Hazrat Yousuf, this is mentioned in Holy Quran, and Hazrat Yaqub cried for Hazrat Yousuf for 14 years, in doing so even he got blind. Although Hazrat Yaqub knew through his knowledge bestowed upon him as NABI that Hazrat Yousuf was alive and his brothers have deserted him in jealousy, but he didn’t make it open on his other sons (brothers of Hazrat Yousuf) but he started crying and weeping for Hazrat Yousuf. Similarly Imam Hussain (AS) is none other He is the Grandson of our Holy Prophet and what Imam Hussain did on 10th of Muharram it was all told by Holy Prophet earlier. So we follow the teaching of Hazrat Yaqub (already mentioned in Holy Quran) that you have to raise voice for the Mazloom (as Hazrat Yousuf was already a Mazloom person), similarly Hazrat Imam Hussain was also Mazloom and what we do is quite normal thing. Please first you raise voice against Hazrat Yaqub also then you say something about shias.

    • dear brother yes ur right in some wayz but acc:2 hadith n quran its nt good 2 hurt ur self 2 make allah happy in matam shae did same thing hindu also hurt their self 2 make bhagwan same so whts difference b/w hindu n muslim,in quran allah says socide is haram.hadith when any one die in ur home dont cry more then 3days,n another hadith in which prophet says when ur in place in wthich ur ill n u dnt hv any halal thing 2 eat ur allow 2 eat haram only in this case.b/c of ur health.n u can c many hadith regaring health but u cant find any hadith n any verse in which allah allow us 2 hurt our self.

  2. Brother Ziagham.. there is a huge difference between Matam and weeping.

    Matam consists of hitting your self, slapping face, cheeks , chests, hitting one self with weapons that even blood starts flowing. All this is ‘Matam’ which is clearly prohibited in Islam.

    Where as silent weeping, crying and tears flowing – that is allowed as you have already mentioned , we have the example of Yaqoob (as) and the example of Prophet Muhammad (s) at the martyrdom of Hamza (r) and other martyrs and also at the death of his own son, Ibrahim.

    So there is a huge/stark/clearn difference between weeping/crying due to sadness and matam which consists of hitting slapping beating the body.

    Can I ask, why don’t you observe Matam for Syedna Hasan (r), he too was a grandson of our beloved Prophet. How about Ali (r) he was a great Sahaba and one of Ahle Bait and according to shias the appointed Imam. ?

    If you have to follow the Sunnah- example the Yaqoob (as), then the shias should cry all year long, nor rejoicing, nor enjoying…, nor celebrating, but crying and being sad all the time..

    Did Yaqoob (as) did his crying and weeping only on the anniversary of the day Yusuf (as) was lost where as the rest of the year he was happy and enjoying his life and celebrating? (naauzobillah)

    • @admin:we mourn for Hazrat Imam Ali (a.s) as well …his matrydoom is observed on 19,20 and 21 st ramzan we mourn for our 2nd imam hazrat iama Hassan (a.s) also. and we do mourn the whole year for iur beloved imam’s and the holy ahlebait (a.s). but we believe and follow and practice a simple thing…hamare ahlebait (a.s) ki khushi me hamari khushi hai or unke gham me hamara gham…hum log Rasool s.a.w ki sunnah ko hi follow karte hai jo farmate hai kmere baad mai do cheezein chod k jaraha hun ek hai meri quran or dusra hai ahlebait(a.s) hum ye dono k saath hai….aap kya kar rahe ho check karlo!!!

      • I am going to quote you from your own shia books then you can check yourself to see whom you are suppose to follow…and If you claim to follow the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad (s), then the Sunnah is to be patient and to not lament loudly or conduct self-flagellation. Please read the quotations below and follow the sayings of your imam Ali Ibn Abi Talib (r)..not your self created traditions…

        “But the best example for you is that of our Holy Prophet.Follow him sincerely and faithfully.He is the greatest leader for those who require a leader and the best teacher for those who want to achieve self-respect. Among His creatures, Allah most likes him,who obeys His Prophet and follows in his footsteps”.~ Ali ibn Abi Talib Nahjul Balagha, Sermon 163, pg 376.

        “Oh Prophet of Allah! I love and respect you more than I loved and respected my parents. Your passing away has put an end to the Prophethood,to the revelation and to the messages of the Lord while that of the other Prophets had not resulted in this way….IF you had not ordered us to be patient and NOT to lament and bemoan loudly, we would have kept weeping and lamenting ceaselessly, though all this weeping,lamenting and bemoaning could not stand in comparison with the actual loss of your presence. But death is an inevitable event, nobody can turn the death back and no body can stop it from coming.~ Ali Ibn Abi Talib : Nahjul Balagha, Sermon 239, pg 533. Islamic Semiinary Publication

        “The Holy Prophet (Muhammad saw) while departing from this world, left among you the same things as were left by the preceding prophets amongst their followers, because none of them ever left this world without leaving behind him a clear and intelligible set of directions and a prominent easily recognizable and lasting emblem.In the same way, our Holy Prophet left the Holy Quran with you.He not only left this Divine Book, but he had during his life time fully explained all of which this Book declared lawful and legitimate or unlawful and prohibitory for you; Which act was obligatory and which act was desirable, which of the orders or interdictions remain in force, and which were repealed; where no exemption and leniency was to be tolerated and where the Merciful Allah had allowed indulgence and leniency; where there were the commands whih pertain to particular occasions and persons and those which were general for all times places, persons….All this he explained to you, commenting, interpreting, and explaining every ambiguous passage and clearing implied subtleties and significances”.~Ali Ibn Abi Talib. Nahjul Balagha, Sermon 2, pg 148,

  3. A very nice information has been shared in this page.. I believe that Mr. Zaigham will be quite satisfied with the answer give by ADMIN…

    Thank you soo much once again..

    Jazak Allah khair

  4. This is the best article Javeria sister. Can u please add me on facebook or send me ur email address. I want to have discussions on such topics with u.

  5. please just come out the from shoes of shia and sunni and read quran and hadith from open mind

    you will never see the truth while you are reading and listening hadith and quran in the eyes of shia

  6. salam to all

    gham me ansoo bahan jaez ha matam karna nae…………………..
    according to this hadit
    Al-Bukhaari (1294) and Muslim (103) narrated that ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Mas’ood (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “He is not one of us who strikes his cheeks, rends his garment, or cries with the cry of the Jaahiliyyah.”
    so……………..

  7. i think we Sunnis should step forward in preaching these things…. there is so much misconception about this incident and we are going far from our religion…keep on posting these kind of informative knowledge..n please suggest me a book i want to know more about karbala incident..Thanx

  8. GHALIBAN :s GHAWA E KHANDAK KA ZIKER HAI JAISAY K “SAHIH KITABOON” AUR ARBIA KI BOOKS MEI MOJOOD BHI HAI AUR JAISA K HUM SAB NY PERHA BHI HO GA YA KAM AZ KAM LIFE MEI AK BAR SUNNA BHI HAI K,

    AK MARTABA RASOOL E KHUDA (S.A.W.W) GHAWA E KHANDAK MEI, AP KA DAANTH (TEETH) MUBARAK TOOT (SHAHEED) HO GAYA THA,
    YE KHABAR (NEWS) SUN KER AK SHAKHS (R.A) JIS NY RASOOL E KHUDA (S.A.W.W) KO KABHI DAIKHA NHE THA, JAB UN KO AP (S.A.W.W) K DAANTH (TEETH) MUBARAK K SHAHEED HONAY KI KHABAR (NEWS) MILLI TU UNHO (R.A.) NY APNAY “SAB K SAB” DAANTH (TEETH) TOOR DIYE THY, JAB YE KHABAR RASOOL (S.A.W.W) KO MILLI, TOU RASOOL E KHUDA (S.A.W.W) NY “IN” KO APNAY SAHABIYO (R.A) MEI SHAMIL KIYA AUR IN (R.A.) KO YE TUHFA MILA..

    JAZAK ALLAH

    • Are you a follower of Prophet Muhammad (s) and his family? Then Please quote an example where these people performed Matam and caused injury and harm to their own selves at a tragedy.

      The act of a single companion does not make it a part of Islam. Islam is what was taught by Allah in the Quran and the examples of the Prophet’s life. If an act of an individual goes against the basic teachings of Islam and Prophet, then it can not be considered religion and be followed. Why didn’t Ali (r) family perform matam at the shahadat of Ali? Please explain this.

  9. Matam was done way before the Prophet (pbuh) and even the prophet (pbuh) said that we need to mourn the deceased. People who saw Jezus crucified, returned home beating on their chests (this is taken from the bible)
    Note that there is a huge difference between mourning someone who passsed on and mourning the ones who were martyred in kerbala, do you even know how they were martyred? do you realize that all but one imam, were killed in very gruesome ways?

    The prophet (pbuh) said the following:” I am leaving among you something of such a nature that if you lay hold of it you will not go astray after I’m gone: Allah’s book stretched as a rope between heaven and earth and my close relatives who belong to my house (Ahlebait)? these two will not separate from eachother till they come down to the Pond SO CONSIDER HOW YOU WOULD ACT AFTER I’M GONE”(Tirmidhi)!

    Matam is just a way of showing the respite we feel for the gruesome things the “ummah” did before us eventhough the prophet warned us. That would mean that all those who mourn on that day (in whatever way you please) is doing it out of AWARENESS instead of jahiliah. It seems that you can’t handle the truth!

    Second: Jesus is said to have been born on ashurah, Moses freed the Jews on that day, … It is one of the most important days in the Islam BUT it was never said that this day should be a celebratory day it is however a day for fasting!

    Please do your research.

    • I am going to quote you from your own shia books then you can check yourself to see whom you are suppose to follow…

      “But the best example for you is that of our Holy Prophet.Follow him sincerely and faithfully.He is the greatest leader for those who require a leader and the best teacher for those who want to achieve self-respect. Among His creatures, Allah most likes him,who obeys His Prophet and follows in his footsteps”.~ Ali ibn Abi Talib Nahjul Balagha, Sermon 163, pg 376.

      “Oh Prophet of Allah! I love and respect you more than I loved and respected my parents. Your passing away has put an end to the Prophethood,to the revelation and to the messages of the Lord while that of the other Prophets had not resulted in this way….IF you had not ordered us to be patient and NOT to lament and bemoan loudly, we would have kept weeping and lamenting ceaselessly, though all this weeping,lamenting and bemoaning could not stand in comparison with the actual loss of your presence. But death is an inevitable event, nobody can turn the death back and no body can stop it from coming.~ Ali Ibn Abi Talib : Nahjul Balagha, Sermon 239, pg 533. Islamic Semiinary Publication

      “The Holy Prophet (Muhammad saw) while departing from this world, left among you the same things as were left by the preceding prophets amongst their followers, because none of them ever left this world without leaving behind him a clear and intelligible set of directions and a prominent easily recognizable and lasting emblem.In the same way, our Holy Prophet left the Holy Quran with you.He not only left this Divine Book, but he had during his life time fully explained all of which this Book declared lawful and legitimate or unlawful and prohibitory for you; Which act was obligatory and which act was desirable, which of the orders or interdictions remain in force, and which were repealed; where no exemption and leniency was to be tolerated and where the Merciful Allah had allowed indulgence and leniency; where there were the commands whih pertain to particular occasions and persons and those which were general for all times places, persons….All this he explained to you, commenting, interpreting, and explaining every ambiguous passage and clearing implied subtleties and significances”.~Ali Ibn Abi Talib. Nahjul Balagha, Sermon 2, pg 148,

    • and to find out the real true origin of shia matam, please go back to the history of Kerbala and the events that preceded it and think about why the grandson of Rasul Allah was martyrd in the first place… whose fault was it really..

      let me help you out…Hussain (r) went to kerbala to fight Yazid based on the promises of help and support of the Shia Kufans…but at the hour of need, they deserted him and acted cowardly and did not go to help and fght along with him! Eventually the tragedy of Kerbala occurred and four years later they deeply regretted their cowardly behaviour, so they went to Kerbala and started the matam, hitting and flagellating their own selves inorder to punish themselves for their cowardice.. and that is how matam started!

  10. Matam Not Allowed In Islam.. This is Final.. Follow The Holy Quran and the Saying of Rasoulullah… And His Companions and Family… Increase Your Love… Matam is not the way to increase love.. but to follow them…

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