Allah Subhana Watala – The Lord of the worlds says in Quran:
“Glory to Allah, Who created in pairs all things that the earth produces, as well as their own (human) kind and (other) things of which they have no knowledge.” (Quran 36:36)
Allah the creator of everything has created everything in pairs, male and female, day and night, sun and moon, darkness and light etc.
The male is different from the female but they both are created from the same source as is mentioned in many places in the Quran. (Quran 4:1, 7:189)
The physiological and biological differences between sexes and their roles are a fact and can not be denied. Men are more physically strong with more stamina, energy and resistance. Men and women differ greatly in weight shape, size and anatomy. Men and women also have huge psychological differences. They differ in the way they think, solve problems, their memory skills and sensitivity and emotions are also different. Various studies and research has proved these differences.
However, this does not mean that because of these differences there is discrimination among men and women. The fact is that men and women have both been created for a specific purpose. Both have been given abilities and skills which they need to fulfill the roles assigned to them. Their emotions, skills and abilities in fact compliment each other. They are two parts of a whole and are essential to the human family to continue the human race and they need each other emotionally and physically as Allah says in the Quran:
“(He is) the Creator of the heavens and the earth: He has made for you pairs from among yourselves, and pairs among cattle: by this means does He multiply you: there is nothing whatever like unto Him, and He is the One that hears and sees (all things).”(Quran 42:11)
“He created for you mates from amongst yourselves, that you may dwell in tranquility with them and He put love and mercy between your hearts – for each other” (Quran 30:22).
Thus the purpose of creating two genders was to continue the human race and to provide them comfort, peace and harmony in each other’s companionship. The relationship between the husband and wife is compared to that between the body and the clothes. Allah describes husband and a wife as garments of each other. (Quran 2:187) The spouses are close to each other, protect each, provide comfort and companionship to each other , hide each other’s deficiencies and are always there for each other.
Yet, each gender is independent and accountable for their own actions and deeds. Character, rather than the gender, is the defining criterion in front of Allah as He says in many places in the Quran:
“The better amongst you in the sight of God is the one who is better in character” (Quran 49:13).