What did the Sahaba and Tabieen say about Music?

 Bismillahir Rahmanir Raheem

وَمِنَ النَّاسِ مَن يَشْتَرِي لَهْوَ الْحَدِيثِ لِيُضِلَّ عَن سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ بِغَيْرِ عِلْمٍ وَيَتَّخِذَهَا هُزُوًا ۚ أُولَـٰئِكَ لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ مُّهِينٌ

“And of the people is he who buys the amusement of speech to mislead [others] from the way of Allah without knowledge and who takes it in ridicule. Those will have a humiliating punishment”

(Surah Luqman Verse 6)

What does Lahwal Hadeeth mean in this verse?

Let see what the Scholar Sahaba had to say about this verse:

Abdullah bin Mas’ud (r) (One of the greatest Sahabi and amongst the most knowledge able of the Quran) was asked, ‘What does lahv al-hadith mean in this verse ?” He said thrice emphatically. ‘By God! it means singing.” (Ibn Jarir, Ibn Abi Shaibah. Hakim, Baihaqi).

The scholar of the ummah,Abdullah  Ibn ‘Abbaas (r)[ The son of the uncle of Rasool Allah ] said: this means singing.

Lets see what the Tabieen (the generation after the) had to say about Lahval Hadeeth.

Mujaahid ibn Jabr (a tabai, student of ibn Abbas and the earliest Scholar of the Ummah) said: this means playing the drum (tabl). (Tafseer al-Tabari, 21/40).

Al-Hasan al-Basri (a famous tabai and a great scholar ) said: this aayah was revealed concerning singing and musical instruments (lit. woodwind instruments). (Tafseer Ibn Katheer, 3/451).

Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: The interpretation of the Sahaabah and Taabi’in, that ‘idle talk’ refers to singing, is sufficient.

The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:

“Among my ummah there will certainly be people who permit zinaa, silk, alcohol and musical instruments…” (Bukhari)

 

Biographies

Abdullah ibn Masood r

Abdullah ibn Abbas r

Mujahid ibn Jabr rh

Hasan Al Basri rh

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